Excretory Products and Their Elimination Class 11 MCQ is one of the best strategies to prepare for the CBSE Class 11 Board exam. If you want to complete a grasp concept or work on one’s score, there is no method except constant practice. Students can improve their speed and accuracy by doing more MCQ on Plant Kingdom Class 11, which will help them all through their board test.
Excretory Products and Their Elimination Class 11 MCQ Questions with Answer
Class 11 Biology MCQ with answers are given here to Chapter 19 Excretory Products and Their Elimination. These MCQs are based on the latest CBSE board syllabus and relate to the latest Class 11 BIology syllabus. By Solving these Class 11 MCQs, you will be able to analyze all of the concepts quickly in the chapter and get ready for the Class 11 Annual exam.
Learn Class 11 Excretory Products and Their Elimination MCQs with answers pdf free download according to the latest CBSE and NCERT syllabus. Students should prepare for the examination by solving CBSE Class 11 Biology Excretory Products and Their Elimination MCQ with answers given below
Question 1. The principal nitrogenous excretory compound inhumans is synthesised
(a) in kidneys but eliminated mostly through liver
(b) in kidneys as well as eliminated by kidneys
(c) in liver and also eliminated by the same through bile
(d) in the liver, but eliminated mostly through kidneys.
Question 2. Which one of the following characteristics is common both in humans and adult frogs?
(a) Four chambered heart
(b) Internal fertilisation
(c) Nucleated RBCs
(d) Ureotelic mode of excretion
Question 3. Uricotelic mode of excreting nitrogenous wastes is found in
(a) reptiles and birds
(b) birds and annelids
(c) amphibians and reptiles
(d) insects and amphibians.
Question 4. Uricotelism is found in
(a) mammals and birds
(b) fish and fresh water protozoans
(c) birds, land reptiles and insects
(d) frogs and toads.
Question 5. Uric acid is the chief nitrogenous component of the excretory products of
Question 6. In ornithine cycle, which of the following wastes are removed from the blood?
(a) CO2 and urea
(b) Ammonia and urea
(c) CO2 and ammonia
(d) Urea and urine
Question 7. Which one of the following is not a part of a renal pyramid?
(a) Peritubular capillaries
(b) Convoluted tubules
(c) Collecting ducts
(d) Loop of Henle
Question 8. Conversion of ammonia to urea is done by
(a) ornithine cycle
(b) arginine cycle
(c) fumaric cycle
(d) citrulline cycle.
Question 9. In ureotelic animals, urea is formed by
(a) Krebs’ cycle
(b) EM pathway
(c) Ornithine cycle
(d) Cori cycle.
Question 10. Proximal and distal convoluted tubules are parts of
(a) seminiferous tubules
(d) vas deferens.
Question 11. The basic functional unit of human kidney is
(b) Henle’s loop
Question 12. Which one of the four parts mentioned below does not constitute a part of single uriniferous tubule?
(a) Distal convoluted tubule
(b) Collecting duct
(c) Bowman’s capsule
(d) Loop of Henle
Question 13. The part of nephron involved in active reabsorption of sodium is
(a) distal convoluted tubule
(b) proximal convoluted tubule
(c) Bowman’s capsule
(d) descending limb of Henle’s loop.
Question 14. The net pressure gradient that causes the fluid to filter out of the glomeruli into the capsule is
(a) 50 mm Hg
(b) 75 mm Hg
(c) 20 mm Hg
(d) 30 mm Hg.
Question 15. Which of the following statements is correct?
(a) The descending limb of loop of Henle is impermeable to water.
(b) The ascending limb of loop of Henle is permeable to water.
(c) The descending limb of loop of Henle is permeable to electrolytes.
(d) The ascending limb of loop of Henle is impermeable to water.
Question 16. A condition of failure of kidney to form urine is called
(d) none of these.
Question 17. Match the items given in column I with those in column II and select the correct option given below.
Column I Column II
A. Glycosuria (i) Accumulation of uric acid in joints
B. Gout (ii) Mass of crystallised salts within the kidney
C. Renal calculi (iii) Inflammation in glomeruli
D. Glomerular (iv) Presence of glucose in nephritis urine
A B C D
(a) (iii) (ii) (iv) (i)
(b) (i) (ii) (iii) (iv)
(c) (ii) (iii) (i) (iv)
(d) (iv) (i) (ii) (iii)
Question 18. The maximum amount of electrolytes and water (70 – 80 percent) from the glomerular filtrate is reabsorbed in which part of the nephron?
(a) Ascending limb of loop of Henle
(b) Distal convoluted tubule
(c) Proximal convoluted tubule
(d) Descending limb of loop of Henle
Question 19. Presence of RBC in urine is
Question 20. Removal of proximal convoluted tubule from the nephron will result in
(a) no change in quality and quantity of urine
(b) no urine formation
(c) more diluted urine
(d) more concentrated urine
Question 21. Glucose is taken back from glomerular filtrate through
(a) active transport
(b) passive transport
Question 22. Which one of the following correctly explains the function of a specific part of the human nephron?
(a) Podocytes : create minute spaces (slit pores) for the filtration of blood into the Bowman’s capsule
(b) Henle’s loop : most reabsorption of the major substances from the glomerular filtrate
(c) Distal convoluted tubule : reabsorption of K+ions into the surrounding blood capillaries
(d) Afferent arteriole : carries the blood away from the glomerulus towards renal vein.
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Question 23. Which one of the following statements in regard to the excretion by the human kidneys is correct?
(a) Descending limb of loop of Henle is impermeable to water.
(b) Distal convoluted tubule is incapable of reabsorbing HCO3–.
(c) Nearly 99 per cent of the glomerular filtrate is reabsorbed by the renal tubules.
(d) Ascending limb of loop of Henle is impermeable to electrolytes.
Question 24. The ornithine cycle removes two waste products from the blood in liver. These products are
(a) CO2 and ammonia
(b) ammonia and uric acid
(c) CO2 and urea
(d) ammonia and urea.
Question 25. Under normal conditions which one is completely reabsorbed in the renal tubule?
(b) Uric acid
Question 26. Brush border is characteristic of
(a) neck of nephron
(b) collecting tube
(c) proximal convoluted tubule
(d) all of these.
Question 27. Reabsorption of useful substances from glomerular filtrate occurs in
(a) collecting tube
(b) loop of Henle
(c) proximal convoluted tubule
(d) distal convoluted tubule.
Question 28. Two examples in which the nitrogenous wastes are excreted from body in the form of uric acid are
(a) birds and lizards
(b) frogs and cartilaginous fish
(c) insects and bony fish
(d) mammals and molluscs
Question 29. Nitrogenous waste products are eliminated mainly as
(a) urea in tadpole and ammonia in adult frog
(b) ammonia in tadpole and urea in adult frog
(c) urea in both tadpole and adult frog
(d) urea in tadpole and uric acid in adult frog.
Question 30. Concentration of urine depends upon which organ?
(a) Bowman’s capsule
(b) Length of Henle’s loop
(d) Network of capillaries arising from glomerulus
Question 31. Which of the following factors is responsible for the formation of concentrated urine?
(a) Hydrostatic pressure during glomerular filtration.
(b) Low levels of antidiuretic hormone.
(c) Maintaining hyperosmolarity towards the medullary interstitium in the kidneys.
(d) Secretion of erythropoietin by Juxtaglomerular complex.
Question 32. If Henle’s loop were absent from mammalian nephron, which one of the following is to be expected ?
(a) There will be no urine formation.
(b) There will be hardly any change in the quality and quantity of urine formed .
(c) The urine will be more concentrated.
(d) The urine will be more dilute.
Question 33. Which of the following causes an increase in sodium reabsorption in the distal convoluted tubule?
(a) Increase in aldosterone levels
(b) Increase in antidiuretic hormone levels
(c) Decrease in aldosterone levels
(d) Decrease in antidiuretic hormone levels
Question 34. A fall in glomerular filtration rate (GFR) activates
(a) juxtaglomerular cells to release renin
(b) adrenal cortex to release aldosterone
(c) adrenal medulla to release adrenaline
(d) posterior pituitary to release vasopressin.
Question 35. Which one of the following statements is correct with respect to kidney function regulation?
(a) When someone drinks lot of water, ADH release is suppressed.
(b) Exposure to cold temperature stimulates ADH release.
(c) An increase in glomerular blood flow stimulates formation of angiotensin II.
(d) During summer when body loses lot of water by evaporation, the release of ADH is suppressed.
Question 36. Which of the following would help in prevention of diuresis?
(a) More water reabsorption due to undersecretion of ADH.
(b) Reabsorption of Na+ and water from renal tubules due to aldosterone.
(c) Atrial natriuretic factor causes vasoconstriction.
(d) Decrease in secretion of renin by JG cells.
Question 37. A decrease in blood pressure/volume will not cause the release of
(a) atrial natriuretic factor
Question 38. Human urine is usually acidic because
(a) potassium and sodium exchange generates acidity
(b) hydrogen ions are actively secreted into the filtrate
(c) the sodium transporter exchanges one hydrogen ion for each sodium ion, in peritubular capillaries
(d) excreted plasma proteins are acidic.
Question 39. Angiotensinogen is a protein produced and secreted by
(a) juxtaglomerular (JG) cells
(b) macula densa cells
(c) endothelial cells (cells lining the blood vessels)
(d) liver cells.
Question 40. If excess water passes out from the tissue without being restored by the kidneys, the cells would
(a) burst open and die
(b) take water from the plasma
(c) not be affected at all
(d) shrivel and die.
Question 41. A person who is on a long hunger strike and is surviving only on water, will have
(a) less amino acids in his urine
(b) more glucose in his blood
(c) less urea in his urine
(d) more sodium in his urine.
Question 42. Which of the following does not favour the formation of large quantities of dilute urine?
(b) Atrial-natriuretic factor
Question 43. A person is undergoing prolonged fasting. His urine will be found to contain abnormal quantities of
(b) amino acids
Question 44. Use of an artificial kidney during hemodialysis may result in
(A) Nitrogenous waste build-up in the body
(B) Non-elimination of excess potassium ions
(C) Reduced absorption of calcium ions from gastro-intestinal tract
(D) Reduced RBC production.
Which of the following options is the most appropriate ?
(a) (A) and (D) are correct.
(b) (A) and (B) are correct.
(c) (B) and (C) are correct.
(d) (C) and (D) are correct.
Question 45. What will happen if the stretch receptors of the urinary bladder wall are totally removed?
(a) Micturition will continue.
(b) Urine will continue to collect normally in the bladder.
(c) There will be no micturition.
(d) Urine will not collect in the bladder.
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Frequently Asked Question (FAQs)
How many MCQ questions are there in Class 11 chapter 19 BIology?
In Class 11 chapter 19 BIology, we have provided 45 Important MCQ Questions, But in the future, we will add more MCQs so that you can get good marks in the Class 11 exam.
Can we score good marks in Class 11 BIology with the help of Excretory Products and Their Elimination MCQ Questions?
Yes, MCQ Question is one of the best strategies to make your preparation better for the CBSE Board Exam. It also helps to know the student’s basic understanding of each chapter. So, You can score good marks in the Class 11 BIology exam.