# Class 11 Chemistry Chapter 6 Thermodynamics MCQ Questions with Answer

Thermodynamics Class 11 MCQ is one of the best strategies to prepare for the CBSE Class 11 Board exam. If you want to complete a grasp concept or work on one’s score, there is no method except constant practice. Students can improve their speed and accuracy by doing more MCQs on Thermodynamics Class 11, which will help them all through their board tests.

## Thermodynamics Class 11 MCQ Question with Answer

Class 11 Chemistry MCQ with answers are given here to Chapter 6 Thermodynamics. These MCQs are based on the latest CBSE board syllabus and relate to the latest Class 11 Chemistry syllabus. By Solving these Class 11 MCQs, you will be able to analyze all of the concepts quickly in the chapter and get ready for the Class 11 Annual exam.

Learn Class 11 Thermodynamics MCQs with answers pdf free download according to the latest CBSE and NCERT syllabus. Students should prepare for the examination by solving CBSE Class 11 Chemistry Thermodynamics MCQ with answers given below

Question 1. Which of the following is the correct equation?
(a) ΔU = ΔW + DQ
(b) ΔU = ΔQ – W
(c) ΔW = ΔU + ΔQ
(d) None of these

B

(a) q = 0, ΔT = 0 and w = 0
(b) q = 0, ΔT < 0 and w > 0
(c) q < 0, ΔT = 0 and w = 0
(d) q > 0, ΔT > 0 and w > 0

A

Question 3. Which of the following is correct option for free expansion of an ideal gas under adiabatic condition?
(a) q = 0, ΔT ≠ 0, w = 0
(b) q ≠ 0, ΔT = 0, w = 0
(c) q = 0, ΔT = 0, w = 0
(d) q = 0, ΔT < 0, w ≠ 0

C

Question 4. Under isothermal conditions, a gas at 300 K expands from 0.1 L to 0.25 L against a constant external pressure of 2 bar. The work done by the gas is [Given that 1 L bar = 100 J]
(a) 30 J
(b) –30 J
(c) 5 kJ
(d) 25 J

B

Question 5. An ideal gas expands isothermally from 10–3 m3 to 10–2 m3 at 300 K against a constant pressure of 105 N m–2. The work done on the gas is
(a) +270 kJ
(b) –900 J
(c) +900 kJ
(d) –900 kJ

B

Question 6. In a closed insulated container a liquid is stirred with a paddle to increase the temperature, which of the following is true?
(a) ΔE = W ≠ 0, q = 0
(b) ΔE = W = q ≠ 0
(c) ΔE = 0, W = q ≠ 0
(d) W = 0, ΔE = q ≠ 0

A

Question 7. Equal volumes of two monatomic gases, A and B at same temperature and pressure are mixed. The ratio of specific heats (CP/CV) of the mixture will be
(a) 0.83
(b) 1.50
(c) 3.3
(d) 1.67

D

Question 8. Heat required to raise the temperature of I mole of a substance by 1° is called
(a) specific heat
(b) molar beat capacity
(c) water equivalent
(d) specific gravity

B

Question 9. Three moles of an ideal gas expanded spontaneously into vacuum. The work done will be
(a) infinite
(b) 3 Joules
(c) 9 Joules
(d) zero.

D

Question 10. Which of the following are not state functions?
(I) q + w (II) q
(III) w (IV) H – TS
(a) (I), (II) and (III)
(b) (II) and (III)
(c) (I) and (IV)
(d) (II), (III) and (IV)

B

Question 11. Based on the first law of thermodynamics, which one of the following is correct ?
(a) For an isochoric process= ΔE = – Q
(b) For an adiabatic process = ΔE = – W
(c) For an isothermal process = Q = + W
(d) For a cyclic process = Q = – W

D

Question 12. C2H2 + 5/2 O2 → 2CO2 + H2O ; ΔH = –310 kcal
C+O2 → CO2; ΔH = –94 kcal
H2 + 1/2 O2 → H2O; ΔH = –68 kcal
On the basis of the above equations, ΔHf (enthalpy of fom1ation) of C2H2 will be
(a) –148 kcal
(b) + 54 kcal
(c) –54 kcal
(d) + 80 kcal

B

Question 13. Which of the following is a path fonction?
(a) Internal energy
(b) Enthalpy
(c) Work
(d) Entropy

D

Question 14. Assume each reaction is carried out in an open container. For which reaction will ΔH = ΔE?
(a) 2CO(g) + O2(g) → 2CO2(g)
(b) H2(g) + Br2(g) → 2HBr(g)
(c) C(s) + 2H2O(g) → 2H2(g) + CO2(g)
(d) PCl5(g) → PCl3(g) + Cl2(g)

B

Question 15. A gas is allowed to expand in a well insulated container against a constant external pressure of 2.5 atm from an initial volume of 2.50 L to a final volume of 4.50 L. The change in nternal energy DU of the gas in joules will be
(a) –500 J
(b) –505 J
(c) +505 J
(d) 1136.25 J

B

Question 16. When 0. 2 g of 1-butanol was burnt in a suitable apparatus, the heat evolved was sufficient to raise the temperature of 200 g water by 5°C. The enthalpy of combustion of 1-butanol in kcal mol-1 will be
(a) + 37
(b) + 370
(c) –370
(d) –740

C

Question 17. How many joules of beat are absorbed when 70. O g of water is completely vaporised at its boiling point ? ( Lv = 2260 kJ/kg)
(a) 23352
(b) 7000
(c) 15813
(d) 158200

D

Question 18. Hess’s law states that
(a) the standard enthalpy ofan overall reaction is the sum of the enthalpy changes in individual reactions
(b) enthalpy of formation of a compound is same as the enthalpy of decomposition of the compound into constituent elements, but with opposite sign
(c) at constant temperature the pressure of a gas is inversely proportional to its volume
(d) the mass of a gas dissolved per litre of a solvent is proportional to the pressure of the gas in equilibrium with the solution.

A

Question 19. Which of the following taking place in the blast furnace is endothennic ?
(a) CaCO3 → CaO+ CO2
(b) 2C+ O2 → 2CO
(c) C + O→ CO2
(d) Fe2O3 + 3CO → 2Fe + 3CO2

A

Question 20. Which is an extensive property?
(a) Temperature
(b) Chemical potential
(c) Gibb’s free energy
(d) Molar volume

C

Question 21. The work done during the expansion of a gas from a volume of 4 dm3 to 6 dm3 against a constant external pressure of 3 atm is (1 L atm = 101.32 J)
(a) – 6 J
(b) – 608 J
(c) + 304 J
(d) – 304 J

B

Question 22. Which of the following is an intensive property?
(a) Temperature
(b) Viscosity
(c) Surface tension
(d) All of these

D

Question 23. For the reaction, C2H5OH(l) + 3O2(g) → 2CO2(g) + 3H2O(l) which one is true?
(a) ΔH = ΔE – RT
(b) ΔH = ΔE + RT
(c) ΔH = ΔE + 2RT
(d) ΔH = ΔE – 2RT

A

Question 24. In equilibrium state the value of AG is
(a) zero
(b) negative
(c) positive
(d) may be negative or positive

A

Question 25. Entropy of the universe is
(a) constant
(b) zero
(c) continuously decreasing
(d) continuously increasingVVVD

D

Question 26. In an endothermic reaction, the value of ΔH is
(a) negative
(b) positive
(c) zero
(d) constant.

B

Question 27. When 1 mol of gas is heated at constant volume temperature is raised from 298 to 308 K. Heat supplied to the gas is 500 J. Then which statement is correct?
(a) q = w = 500 J, ΔE = 0
(b) q = ΔE = 500 J, w = 0
(c) q = w = 500 J,ΔE = 0
(d) ΔE = 0, q = w = –500 J

B

Question 28. For a reaction ΔH = (+3 kJ),ΔS = (+ l0 J/K) beyond which temperature this reaction will be spontaneous ?
(a) 300 K
(b) 200 K
(c) 273 K
(d) 373 K

A

Question 29. What will be the temperature at which
ΔG = -5.2kJ mol-1, ΔH = 145.6 kJ mol-1 and
ΔS = 216JK-1 mol-1 for a chemical reaction?
(a) 650 K
(b) 425°C
(c) 525 K
(d) 625°C

B

Question 30. One mole of an ideal gas at 300 K is expanded isothermally from an initial volume of 1 litre to 10 litres. The ΔE for this process is (R = 2 cal mol–1 K–1)
(a) 1381.1 cal
(b) zero
(c) 163.7 cal
(d) 9 L atm

B

Question 31. During isothermal expansion of an ideal gas, its
(a) internal energy increases
(b) enthalpy decreases
(c) enthalpy remains unaffected
(d) enthalpy reduces to zero.

C

Question 32. Considering the reaction,
C(s) + O2 (g) → CO2 (g)+393.5 kJ the signs of ΔH , ΔS and AG respectively are
(a) +, – , –
(b) -, +, +
(c) – , – , –
(d) – ,+, –

D

Question 33. In which reaction there will be increase in entropy?
(a) Na(s) + H2O(l) → NaOH(/)+ 1/2H2 (g)
(b) Ag+ (aq) + Cl (aq) → AgCl(s)
(c) H2 (g) + 1/2 O2 (g) → H20(/)
(d) Cu2+ (aq) + 4NH3 (g) → [Cu(NH3)4]2+ (aq)

A

Question 34. In a fuel cell methanol is used as fuel and oxygen gas is used as an oxidiser. The reaction is
CH3OH(/) + 3/2 O2(g) ➔ CO2 (g)+2H2 O(/).
At 298 K standard Gibb’s energies of fo1mation for CH3OH(/), H2O(/) and CO2 (g) are-166.2, -237.2 and -394.4 kJ mol-1 respectively. If standard enthalpy of combustion of methanol is -726kJ mol-1 , efficiency of the fuel cell will be
(a) 80%
(b) 87%
(c) 90%
(d) 97%

D

Question 35. In which of the following process, maximum increase in entropy is observed ?
(a) Melting of ice
(b) Sublimation of naphthalene
(c) Condensation of water
(d) Dissolution of salt in water

B

Question 36. For a reversible reaction,
X(g) + 3Y(g) ⇌ 2Z(g); ΔH = – 40 kJ, the standard entropies of X, Y and Z are 60, 40 and 50 JK-1 mol-1 respectively. The temperature at which the above reaction attains equilibrium is about
(a) 400 K
(b) 500 K
(c) 273 K
(d) 373 K

B

Question 37. For the process H2O(/) → H2O(g) at T = 1000° Cand 1 atmosphere pressure, the con-ect choice is
(a) ΔSsystem > 0 and ΔSsystem > 0
(b) ΔSsystem > 0 and ΔSsystem < 0
(c) ΔSsystem < 0 and ΔSsystem > 0
(d) ΔSsystem < 0 and ΔSsystem < 0

B

Whoever needs to take the CBSE Class 11 Board Exam should look at this MCQ. To the Students who will show up in CBSE Class 11 Chemistry Board Exams, It is suggested to practice more and more questions. Aside from the sample paper you more likely had solved. These Thermodynamics Class 11 MCQ are ready by the subject specialists themselves.

Question 38. At 298 K the entropy of rhombic sulphur is 32.04 J/mol K and that of monoclinic sulphur is 32.68 J/mol K. The heat of their combustion are respectively -298246 and -297948 J mol-1 .ΔG for the reactions; Srhombic → Smonoclinic will be
(a) 107.28 J
(b) 10.728 J
(c) 107.28 kJ
(d) 10728 J

A

Question 39. For an ideal binary liquid mixture
(a) ΔS (mix) = 0; ΔG (mix) = 0
(b) ΔH (mix) = 0; ΔS (mix) < 0
(c) ΔV (mix) = 0; ΔG (mix) > 0
(d) ΔS (mix) > 0; ΔG (mix) < 0

D

Question 40. The latent heat of fusion of ice at 0° C is 80 cal/g. Entropy change (ΔS) accompanying the melting of 1 g of ice at 0° C would be (units cal/g/K)
(a) 273
(b) 8.0
(c) 0.9
(d) 0.293

D

Question 41. I2 (s) ⇌ 12 (g); ΔH = + 40 kcal, ΔS = 80 cal. The sublimation point of I2 (s) will be
(a) 100°C
(b) 127°C
(c) 227°C
(d) 500°C

C

Question 42. For the reaction, C3H8(g) + 5O2(g) → 3CO2(g) + 4H2O(l) at constant temperature, ΔH – ΔE is
(a) + RT
(b) –3RT
(c) +3RT
(d) –RT

B

Question 43. For which one of the following equations is DH°reaction equal to ΔH°f for the product?
(a) N2(g) + O3(g) → N2O3(g)
(b) CH4(g) + 2Cl2(g) → CH2Cl2(l) + 2HCl(g)
(c) Xe(g) + 2F2(g) → XeF4(g)
(d) 2CO(g) + O2(g) → 2CO2(g)

C

Question 44. Heat of combustion ΔH for C(s), H2(g) and CH4(g) are –94, –68 and –213 kcal/mol, then ΔH for C(s) + 2H2(g) → CH4(g) is
(a) –17 kcal
(b) –111 kcal
(c) –170 kcal
(d) –85 kcal

A

Question 45. If ΔH is the change in enthalpy and ΔE, the change in internal energy accompanying a gaseous reaction, then
(a) ΔH is always greater than ΔE
(b) ΔH < ΔE only if the number of moles of the products is greater than the number of moles of the reactants
(c) ΔH is always less than ΔE
(d) ΔH < ΔE only if the number of moles of products is less than the number of moles of the reactants.

D

Question 46. Change in enthalpy for reaction, 2H2O2(l) → 2H2O(l) + O2(g) if heat of formation of H2O2(l) and H2O(l) are –188 and –286 kJ/mol respectively, is
(a) –196 kJ/mol
(b) +196 kJ/mol
(c) +948 kJ/mol
(d) –948 kJ/mole

A

Question 47. The molar heat capacity of water at constant pressure, C , is 75 J K–1 mol–1. When 1.0 kJ of heat is supplied to 100 g of water which is free to expand, the increase in temperature f water is
(a) 1.2 K
(b) 2.4 K
(c) 4.8 K
(d) 6.6 K

B

Question 48. If enthalpies of formation for C2H4(g), CO2(g) and H2O(l) at 25°C and 1 atm pressure are 52, – 394 and – 286 kJ/mol respectively, then enthalpy of combustion of C2H4(g) will be
(a) + 141.2 kJ/mol
(b) + 1412 kJ/mol
(c) – 141.2 kJ/mol
(d) – 1412 kJ/mol

D

Question 49. The absolute enthalpy of neutralisation of the reaction : MgO(s) + 2HCl(aq) → MgCl2(aq) + H2O(l) will be
(a) –57.33 kJ mol–1
(b) greater than –57.33 kJ mol–1
(c) less than –57.33 kJ mol–1
(d) 57.33 kJ mol–1

C

Question 50. Standard enthalpy of vaporisation DvapH° for water at 100°C is 40.66 kJ mol–1. The internal energy of vaporisation of water at 100°C (in kJ mol–1) is
(a) +37.56
(b) – 43.76
(c) + 43.76
(d) + 40.66
(Assume water vapour to behave like an ideal gas)

A

Question 51. Enthalpy of CH4 + 1/2 O2 → CH3OH is negative. If enthalpy of combustion of CH4 and CH3OH are x and y respectively, then which relation is correct?
(a) x > y
(b) x < y
(c) x = y
(d) x ≥ y

A

Question 52. Given that bond energies of H – H and Cl – Cl are 430 kJ mol–1 and 240 kJ mol–1 respectively and DHf for HCl is –90 kJ mol–1, bond enthalpy of HCl is
(a) 380 kJ mol–1
(b) 425 kJ mol–1
(c) 245 kJ mol–1
(d) 290 kJ mol–1

B

Question 53. For a given reaction, ΔH = 35.5 kJ mol–1 and DS = 83.6 J K–1 mol–1. The reaction is spontaneous at (Assume that ΔH and ΔS do not vary with temperature.)
(a) T > 425 K
(b) all temperatures
(c) T > 298 K
(d) T < 425 K

A

Question 54. If the bond energies of H–H, Br–Br, and H–Br are 433, 192 and 364 kJ mol–1 respectively, the ΔH° for the reaction H2(g) + Br2(g) → 2HBr(g) is
(a) –261 kJ
(b) +103 kJ
(c) +261 kJ
(d) –103 kJ

D

Question 55. Bond dissociation enthalpy of H2, Cl2 and HCl are 434, 242 and 431 kJ mol–1 respectively. Enthalpy of formation of HCl is
(a) –93 kJ mol–1
(b) 245 kJ mol–1
(c) 93 kJ mol–1
(d) –245 kJ mol

A

Question 56. The heat of combustion of carbon to CO2 is –393.5 kJ/mol. The heat released upon formation of 35.2 g of CO2 from carbon and oxygen gas is None
(a) + 315 kJ
(b) – 630 kJ
(c) – 3.15 kJ
(d) – 315 kJ

C

Question 57. For the reaction, 2Cl(g) → Cl2(g), the correct option is
(a) ΔrH > 0 and ΔrS > 0
(b) ΔrH > 0 and ΔrS < 0
(c) ΔrH < 0 and ΔrS > 0
(d) ΔrH < 0 and ΔrS < 0

Question 58. The correct thermodynamic conditions for the spontaneous reaction at all temperatures is
(a) ΔH < 0 and ΔS > 0
(b) ΔH < 0 and ΔS < 0
(c) ΔH < 0 and ΔS = 0
(d) ΔH > 0 and ΔS < 0

A,C

Question 59. The bond dissociation energies of X2, Y2 and XY are in the ratio of 1 : 0.5 : 1. DH for the formation of XY is –200 kJ mol–1. The bond dissociation energy of X2 will be
(a) 200 kJ mol–1
(b) 100 kJ mol–1
(c) 800 kJ mol–1
(d) 400 kJ mol–1

C

Question 60. For the reaction, X2O4(l) 2XO2(g) DU = 2.1 kcal, ΔS = 20 cal K–1 at 300 K Hence, ΔG is
(a) 2.7 kcal
(b) – 2.7 kcal
(c) 9.3 kcal
(d) – 9.3 kcal

B

Question 61. A reaction having equal energies of activation for forward and reverse reactions has
(a) ΔH = 0
(b) ΔH = DG = ΔS = 0
(c) ΔS = 0
(d) ΔG = 0

A

Question 62. For vaporization of water at 1 atmospheric pressure, the values of ΔH and ΔS are 40.63 kJ mol–1 and 108.8 J K–1 mol–1, respectively. The temperature when Gibbs’ energy change ΔG) for this transformation will be zero, is
(a) 273.4 K
(b) 393.4 K
(c) 373.4 K
(d) 293.4 K

C

Question 63. Which of the following statements is correct for the spontaneous adsorption of a gas?
(a) ΔS is negative and, therefore ΔH should be highly positive.
(b) ΔS is negative and therefore, ΔH should be highly negative.
(c) ΔS is positive and therefore, ΔH should be negative.
(d) ΔS is positive and therefore, ΔH should also be highly positive.

B

D

Question 64. In which case change in entropy is negative?
(a) 2H(g) → H2(g)
(b) Evaporation of water
(c) Expansion of a gas at constant temperature
(d) Sublimation of solid to gas

A

Question 65. A reaction occurs spontaneously if
(a) TΔS < ΔH and both ΔH and ΔS are +ve
(b) TΔS > ΔH and DH is +ve and ΔS is –ve
(c) TΔS > ΔH and both ΔH and ΔS are +ve
(d) TΔS = ΔH and both ΔH and ΔS are +ve

C

Question 66. The values of ΔH and ΔS for the reaction, C(graphite) + CO2(g) → 2CO(g) are 170 kJ and 170 J K–1, respectively. This reaction will be spontaneous at
(a) 910 K
(b) 1110 K
(c) 510 K
(d) 710 K

B

Question 67. The enthalpy of fusion of water is 1.435 kcal/mol. The molar entropy change for the melting of ice at 0°C is
(a) 10.52 cal/(mol K)
(b) 21.04 cal/(mol K)
(c) 5.260 cal/(mol K)
(d) 0.526 cal/(mol K)

C

Question 68. If the enthalpy change for the transition of liquid water to steam is 30 kJ mol–1 at 27°C, the entropy change for the process would be
(a) 10 J mol–1 K–1
(b) 1.0 J mol–1 K–1
(c) 0.1 J mol–1 K–1
(d) 100 J mol–1 K–1

D

Question 69. Which of the following pairs of a chemical reaction is certain to result in a spontaneous reaction?
(a) Exothermic and increasing disorder
(b) Exothermic and decreasing disorder
(c) Endothermic and increasing disorder
(d) Endothermic and decreasing disorder

A

Question 70. Standard enthalpy and standard entropy changes for the oxidation of ammonia at 298 K are –382.64 kJ mol–1 and –145.6 J mol–1, respectively. Standard Gibbs’ energy change for he same reaction at 298 K is
(a) – 221.1 kJ mol–1
(b) – 339.3 kJ mol–1
(c) – 439.3 kJ mol–1
(d) – 523.2 kJ mol–1

B

Question 71. What is the entropy change (in J K–1 mol–1) when one mole of ice is converted into water at 0°C? (The enthalpy change for the conversion of ice to liquid water is 6.0 kJ mol–1 at °C.)
(a) 20.13
(b) 2.013
(c) 2.198
(d) 21.98

D

Question 72. Identify the correct statement for change of Gibbs’ energy for a system (ΔGsystem) at constant temperature and pressure.
(a) If ΔGsystem < 0, the process is not spontaneous.
(b) If ΔGsystem > 0, the process is spontaneous.
(c) If ΔGsystem = 0, the system has attained equilibrium.
(d) If ΔGsystem = 0, the system is still moving in a particular direction.

C

Question 73. The enthalpy and entropy change for the reaction: Br2(l) + Cl2(g) → 2BrCl(g) are 30 kJ mol–1 and 105 J K–1 mol–1 respectively. The temperature at which the reaction will be in equilibrium is
(a) 300 K
(b) 285.7 K
(c) 273 K
(d) 450 K

B

Question 74. Considering entropy (S) as a thermodynamic parameter, the criterion for the spontaneity of any process is
(a) ΔSsystem + ΔSsurroundings > 0
(b) ΔSsystem – ΔSsurroundings > 0
(c) ΔSsystem > 0 only
(d) ΔSsurroundings > 0 only.

A

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