Breathing and Exchange of Gases Class 11 MCQ is one of the best strategies to prepare for the CBSE Class 11 Board exam. If you want to complete a grasp concept or work on one’s score, there is no method except constant practice. Students can improve their speed and accuracy by doing more MCQ on Plant Kingdom Class 11, which will help them all through their board test.
Breathing and Exchange of Gases Class 11 MCQ Questions with Answer
Class 11 Biology MCQ with answers are given here to Chapter 17 Breathing and Exchange of Gases. These MCQs are based on the latest CBSE board syllabus and relate to the latest Class 11 BIology syllabus. By Solving these Class 11 MCQs, you will be able to analyze all of the concepts quickly in the chapter and get ready for the Class 11 Annual exam.
Learn Class 11 Breathing and Exchange of Gases MCQs with answers pdf free download according to the latest CBSE and NCERT syllabus. Students should prepare for the examination by solving CBSE Class 11 Biology Breathing and Exchange of Gases MCQ with answers given below
Question 1. Tidal volume and expiratory reserve volume of an athlete is 500 mL and 1000 mL respectively. What will be his expiratory capacity if the residual volume is 1200 mL?
(a) 2700 mL
(b) 1500 mL
(c) 1700 mL
(d) 2200 mL
Question 2. Match the items given in column I with those in column II and select the correct option given below.
Column I Column II
(A) Tidal volume (i) 2500 – 3000 mL
(B) Inspiratory reserve (ii) 1100 – 1200 mL
(C) Expiratory reserve (iii) 500 – 550 mL
(D) Residual volume (iv) 1000 – 1100 mL
(A) (B) (C) (D)
(a) (iii) (ii) (i) (iv)
(b) (iii) (i) (iv (ii)
(c) (i) (iv) (ii) (iii)
(d) (iv (iii) (ii) (i)
Question 3. Select the correct statement.
(a) Expiration occurs due to external intercostal muscles.
(b) Intrapulmonary pressure is lower than the atmospheric pressure during inspiration.
(c) Inspiration occurs when atmospheric pressure is less than intrapulmonary pressure.
(d) Expiration is initiated due to contraction of diaphragm.
Question 4. Skin is an accessory organ of respiration in
Question 5. Select the correct events that occur during inspiration.
(1) Contraction of diaphragm
(2) Contraction of external inter-costal muscles
(3) Pulmonary volume decreases
(4) Intra pulmonary pressure increases
(a) (1) and (2)
(b) (3) and (4)
(c) (1), (2) and (4)
(d) only (4)
Question 6. Lungs are made up of air-filled sacs, the alveoli. They do not collapse even after forceful expiration, because of
(a) inspiratory reserve volume
(b) tidal volume
(c) expiratory reserve volume
(d) residual volume.
Question 7. Lungs are enclosed in
(d) pleural membrane.
Question 8. When 1500 mL air is in the lungs, it is called
(a) residual volume
(b) inspiratory reserve volume
(c) vital capacity
(d) tidal volume.
Question 9. What is vital capacity of our lungs?
(a) Inspiratory reserve volume plus expiratory reserve volume
(b) Total lung capacity minus residual volume
(c) Inspiratory reserve volume plus tidal volume
(d) Total lung capacity minus expiratory reserve volume
Question 10. Which one of the following statements is incorrect?
(a) The principle of countercurrent flow facilitates efficient respiration in gills of fishes.
(b) The residual air in lungs slightly decreases the efficiency of respiration in mammals.
(c) The presence of non-respiratory air sacs, increases the efficiency of respiration in birds.
(d) In insects, circulating body fluids serve to distribute oxygen to tissues.
Question 11. The partial pressure of oxygen in the alveoli of the lungs is
(a) equal to that in the blood
(b) more than that in the blood
(c) less than that in the blood
(d) less than that of carbon dioxide
Question 12. Lungs do not collapse between breaths and some air always remains in the lungs which can never be expelled because
(a) there is a negative pressure in the lungs
(b) there is a negative intrapleural pressure pulling at the lung walls
(c) there is a positive intrapleural pressure
(d) pressure in the lungs is higher than the atmospheric pressure.
Question 13. Which one of the following is a possibility for most of us in regard to breathing, by making a conscious effort?
(a) One can breathe out air totally without oxygen.
(b) One can breathe out air through Eustachian tube by closing both nose and mouth.
(c) One can consciously breathe in and breathe out by moving the diaphragm alone, without moving the ribs at all.
(d) The lungs can be made fully empty by forcefully breathing out all air from them.
Question 14. The exchange of gases in the alveoli of the lungs takes place by
(a) passive transport
(b) active transport
(d) simple diffusion
Question 15. The ventilation movements of the lungs in mammals are governed by
(a) muscular walls of lung
(c) intercostal muscles
(d) both (b) and (c).
Question 16. In man and mammals, air passes from outside into the lungs through
(a) nasal cavity, larynx, pharynx, trachea, bronchi, alveoli
(b) nasal cavity, larynx, pharynx, trachea, bronchioles, alveoli
(c) nasal cavity, pharynx, larynx, trachea, bronchioles, bronchi, alveoli
(d) nasal cavity, pharynx, larynx, trachea, bronchi, bronchioles, alveoli.
Question 17. Approximately seventy percent of carbon dioxide absorbed by the blood will be transported to the lungs
(a) as bicarbonate ions
(b) in the form of dissolved gas molecules
(c) by binding to RBC
(d) as carbamino – haemoglobin.
Question 18. Identify the wrong statement with reference to transport of oxygen.
(a) Binding of oxygen with haemoglobin is mainly related to partial pressure of O2.
(b) Partial pressure of CO2 can interfere with O2 binding with haemoglobin.
(c) Higher H+ conc. in alveoli favours the formation of oxyhaemoglobin.
(d) Low pCO2 in alveoli favours the formation of oxyhaemoglobin.
Question 19. Reduction in pH of blood will
(a) decrease the affinity of haemoglobin with oxygen
(b) release bicarbonate ions by the liver
(c) reduce the rate of heartbeat
(d) reduce the blood supply to the brain.
Question 20. The alveolar epithelium in the lung is
(a) non-ciliated columnar
(b) non-ciliated squamous
(c) ciliated columnar
(d) ciliated squamous.
Question 21. A large proportion of oxygen remains unused in the human blood even after its uptake by the body tissues. This O2
(a) acts as a reserve during muscular exercise
(b) raises the pCO2 of blood to 75 mm of Hg
(c) is enough to keep oxyhaemoglobin saturation at 96%
(d) helps in releasing more O2 to the epithelial tissues.
Question 22. In lungs, the air is separated from the venous blood through
(a) transitional epithelium + tunica externa of blood vessel
(b) squamous epithelium + endothelium of blood vessel
(c) squamous epithelium + tunica media of blood vessel
(d) none of the above.
Question 23. Haemoglobin is a type of
(b) respiratory pigment
(d) skin pigment.
Question 24. How the transport of O2 and CO2 by blood happens?
(a) With the help of WBCs and blood serum
(b) With the help of platelets and corpuscles
(c) With the help of RBCs and blood plasma
(d) With the help of RBCs and WBCs
Question 25. Bulk of carbon dioxide (CO2) released from body tissues into the blood is present as
(a) bicarbonate in blood plasma and RBCs
(b) free CO2 in blood plasma
(c) 70% carbamino-haemoglobin and 30% as bicarbonate
(d) carbamino-haemoglobin in RBCs.
Whoever needs to take the CBSE Class 11 Board Exam should look at this MCQ. To the Students who will show up in CBSE Class 11 Biology Board Exams, It is suggested to practice more and more questions. Aside from the sample paper you more likely had solved. These Breathing and Exchange of Gases Class 11 MCQ are ready by the subject specialists themselves.
Question 26. What is true about RBCs in humans?
(a) They carry about 20-25 percent of CO2.
(b) They transport 99.5 percent of O2.
(c) They transport about 80 percent oxygen only and the rest 20 percent of it is transported in dissolved state in blood plasma.
(d) They do not carry CO2 at all.
Question 27. The majority of carbon dioxide produced by our body cells is transported to the lungs as
(a) attached to haemoglobin
(b) dissolved in the blood
(c) as bicarbonates
(d) as carbonates.
Question 28. Although much CO2 is carried in blood, yet blood does not become acidic, because
(a) CO2 is continuously diffused through the tissues and is not allowed to accumulate
(b) in CO2 transport, blood buffers play an important role
(c) CO2 is absorbed by the leucocytes
(d) CO2 combines with water to form H2CO3 which is neutralised by NaCO3.
Question 29. The carbon dioxide is transported via blood to lungs mostly
(a) in combination with haemoglobin only
(b) dissolved in blood plasma
(c) in the form of bicarbonate ions
(d) as carbamino-haemoglobin and as carbonic acid.
Question 30. At high altitude, the RBCs in the human blood will
(a) increase in number
(b) decrease in number
(c) increase in size
(d) decrease in size.
Question 31. The haemoglobin of a human fetus
(a) has only 2 protein subunits instead of 4
(b) has a higher affinity for oxygen than that of an adult
(c) has a lower affinity for oxygen than that of the adult
(d) its affinity for oxygen is the same as that of an adult.
Question 32. Due to increasing air-borne allergens and pollutants, many people in urban areas are suffering from respiratory disorder that cause wheezing due to
(a) reduction in the secretion of surfactant by pneumocytes
(b) benign growth on mucous lining of nasal cavity
(c) inflammation of bronchi and bronchioles
(d) proliferation of fibrous tissues and damage of the alveolar walls.
Question 33. The respiratory centres, which control inspiration and expiration, are located in
(b) medulla oblongata
(d) spinal cord.
Question 34. The respiratory centre which regulates respiration is located in
(b) medulla oblongata
(c) cerebral peduncle
(d) the vagus nerve
Question 35. When you hold your breath, which of the following gas changes in blood would first lead to the urge to breathe?
(a) Falling CO2 concentration
(b) Rising CO2 and falling O2 concentration
(c) Falling O2 concentration
(d) Rising CO2 concentration
Question 36. Carbon dioxide is transported from tissues to respiratory surface by only
(a) plasma and erythrocytes
(d) erythrocytes and leucocytes.
Question 37. When CO2 concentration in blood increases breathing becomes
(a) shallower and slow
(b) there is no effect on breathing
(c) slow and deep
(d) faster and deeper.
Question 38. Name the pulmonary disease in which alveolar surface area involved in gas exchange is drastically reduced due to damage in the alveolar walls.
Question 39. Which of the following options correctly represents the lung conditions in asthma and emphysema, respectively?
(a) Inflammation of bronchioles; Decreased respiratory surface
(b) Increased number of bronchioles; Increased respiratory surface
(c) Increased respiratory surface; Inflammation of bronchioles
(d) Decreased respiratory surface; Inflammation of bronchioles
Question 40. Asthma may be attributed to
(a) inflammation of the trachea
(b) accumulation of fluid in the lungs
(c) bacterial infection of the lungs
(d) allergic reaction of the mast cells in the lungs.
Question 41. Name the chronic respiratory disorder caused mainly by cigarette smoking.
(a) Respiratory acidosis
(b) Respiratory alkalosis
Question 42. Blood analysis of a patient reveals an unusually high quantity of carboxyhaemoglobin content. Which of the following conclusions is most likely to be correct? The patient has been nhaling polluted air containing unusually high content of
(a) carbon disulphide
(c) carbon dioxide
(d) carbon monoxide
Question 43. Which of the following is an occupational respiratory disorder?
Question 44. Intercostal muscles are found attached with
Question 45. Which one of the following is the correct statement for respiration in humans?
(a) Cigarette smoking may lead to inflammation of bronchi.
(b) Neural signals from pneumotoxic centre in pons region of brain can increase the duration of inspiration.
(c) Workers in grinding and stone-breaking industries may suffer from lung fibrosis.
(d) About 90% of carbon dioxide (CO2) is carried by haemoglobin as carbamino-haemoglobin
Question 46. Lungs are present in
(b) pleural cavity
(c) pericardial cavity
(d) thoracic cavity
Question 47. The structure which does not contribute to the breathing movements in mammals is
(d) intercostal muscles
Question 48. The smallest and thinnest tube in the lung is
Question 49. The path that leads from the throat to the lungs is known as
Question 50. Which of the following has no specialized respiratory structures ?
Question 51. The structure which prevents the entry of food into the windpipe is
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Frequently Asked Question (FAQs)
How many MCQ questions are there in Class 11 chapter 17 BIology?
In Class 11 chapter 17 BIology, we have provided 51 Important MCQ Questions, But in the future, we will add more MCQs so that you can get good marks in the Class 11 exam.
Can we score good marks in Class 11 BIology with the help of Breathing and Exchange of Gases MCQ Questions?
Yes, MCQ Question is one of the best strategies to make your preparation better for the CBSE Board Exam. It also helps to know the student’s basic understanding of each chapter. So, You can score good marks in the Class 11 BIology exam.